Narcissism is a personality trait characterized by an inflated sense of self-importance, a need for admiration, and a lack of empathy for others. While everyone has some narcissistic qualities to some degree, a person with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) exhibits a pervasive pattern of grandiosity, a constant need for attention and admiration, and a lack of empathy towards others.
Symptoms of NPD may include:
- A sense of entitlement and a belief that they are special or unique and should only associate with other special or high-status people
- An exaggerated need for attention and admiration, and an inability to handle criticism or rejection
- A lack of empathy and an inability to recognize or understand the feelings and needs of others
- A tendency to manipulate or exploit others for personal gain
- A preoccupation with fantasies of power, success, and attractiveness
Narcissistic personality disorder can be difficult to treat, as individuals with NPD often do not believe they have a problem and may resist seeking help. However, with proper treatment, including therapy and possibly medication, individuals with NPD can learn to manage their symptoms and improve their relationships with others.
It is important to remember that narcissistic behavior is a spectrum, and not all individuals with narcissistic qualities have NPD. If you are concerned about your own narcissistic tendencies or those of a loved one, it is important to seek the guidance of a mental health professional.